All facilities that serve as polling places must have accessible parking available on Election Day. For facilities with off-street parking (i.e. parking lots/areas) there must be at least one Van-Accessible parking space available and the number of required additional accessible parking spaces is determined by the total number of parking spaces in the parking area
A Van-Accessible parking space should at least 8 feet wide with an adjacent accessible aisle that is also at least 8 feet wide. Regular accessible spaces should also be 8 feet wide, but need only 5 foot wide accessible aisles. Accessible spaces that meet standards for Universal Design should be 11 feet wide with 5 foot wide accessible aisles (figures 2 and 3).
(figure 2) (figure 3)
Each accessible space should be marked with a sign bearing the universal symbol of accessibility that is posted between 60” and 80” above the ground. All Van-Accessible spaces should have additional signage indicating that it is available for van parking. Parking areas where all accessible spaces meet Universal Design standards are exempt from the additional signage requirement for Van-Accessible parking spaces.
All accessible parking spaces are required to be located on level, firm and slip-resistant ground such as asphalt or concrete.
These facilities (figures 4 and 5) are examples of off-street parking areas with good accessible parking layouts. These locations have multiple spaces that meet the size requirements with proper signage posted. These parking areas are paved with asphalt and the spaces are located closest to the accessible entrance allowing a voter with a disability to travel the shortest distance from the parking area to the entrance.
(figure 4) (figure 5)
Note that one accessible aisle can be used to create two accessible spaces by locating an accessible space on either side of the aisle. Please see the accessible parking space diagrams provided above for examples of this type of layout.
The below pictured facility (figure 6) is a good example of proper accessible parking for locations with only on-street parking. There is one properly-signed space available that is located adjacent to the accessible pathway leading to the entrance. Notice that a cub cut is provided to ensure access from the street to the pathway.
Below you can see an example of a proper Van-Accessible sign (figure 7). The accessible parking sign has the universal symbol of accessibility and the additional signage for Van-Accessible spaces is present.
Many voting locations do not have spaces reserved for voters with disabilities in the parking area. The facility shown below has no marked accessible parking spaces located closest to the accessible entrance.
Many parking areas have accessible spaces that are only marked on the ground. The ADA requires that all accessible parking spaces have signs posted between 60” and 80” above the ground. Accessible parking spaces without signs posted above ground (figure 9) and accessible parking signs that are not posted at the required height (figure 10) can become obscured by a vehicle parked in the spot or by snow during the winter months.
(figure 9) (figure 10)
Signage should always be mounted to a post or pole or affixed to the side of a building. It should never be placed leaning up against the side of a building and should be replaced if damaged or uprooted (figures 11 and 12).
(figure 11) (figure 12)